Linking Small Holder Farmer Collectives To Market : A Case Study Of Maha-FPCMay 20, 2023 2023-06-24 11:24
Linking Small Holder Farmer Collectives To Market : A Case Study Of Maha-FPC
S. N. Tripathy
The present paper with the help of secondary sources of data attempts to capture the major events that shaped the course of cooperative movements in Odisha. The paper portrays the prevailing socio-economic factors and key events which contributed to the development of cooperatives in different phases and its genesis and growth trend in Odisha in the national perspectives.
- Bengal under the Lieutenant-Governors, Vol. I. In C. Buckland – Northcok, S. (n.d.).
- Madras Provincial Banking Enquiry Committee Report, 5 Vols. Madras. – Government of Madras. (1930).
- Contractual Labour in Agricultural Sector. Discovery Publishing. – Tripathy, S. (2000).
- Co-operative Movement in Odisha: Highlights of Progress. Odisha Review, February – March, 51-54. – Senapati, S. (2012).
- Annual Activity Report 2018-19. Cooperation Department. – Government of Odisha.
Cooperatives Movements, Rural credit, Money lenders, Farmers.
K. K. Tripathy
S. K. Wadkar
D. V. Deshpande
Access to improved market and modern technology are critical drivers of income and productivity in agriculture. There is an urgent need to boost direct investment in agriculture, intensify market access, improve food processing and value addition activities in rural areas. Collective action as an institutional arrangement is often advocated to reduce the twin prime challenges of agriculture – efficient price discovery through market participation and rising cost of technology usage for productivity growth.
The paper is focusing on Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs) to ascertain their role in bringing synergy amongst various stakeholders of Indian agriculture to enhance income and productivity.
The study follows a ‘case study research design’ to examine the evolution, governance, and business operating system of one such State level producers company – Maharashtra State Farmer Producers Company Ltd. (MAHA-FPC).
It was observed that MAHA-FPC has created an enabling environment for farmers; established better coordination among FPOs formed in the State; involved in policy dialogue with the State and Central agencies; and facilitated in strengthening backward and forward linkages. The lessons learnt would be useful for other such State Level Federations of FPOs to establish, promote agribusiness activities and inculcate entrepreneurial culture among farmer producers.
- Bernard, T. and Spielman, D. J. (2009). Reaching the rural poor through rural producer organizations? A study of agricultural marketing cooperatives in Ethiopia. Food Policy, 34 (1): 60–69.
- Desai, R. M. and Joshi, S. (2014). Can producer associations improve rural livelihoods? Evidence from farmer centres in India. The Journal of Development Studies, 50 (1): 64-80.
- Fischer, E. and Qaim, M. (2012). Linking smallholders to markets: Determinants and impacts of farmer collective action in Kenya. World Development, 40 (6): 1255–1268.
- Government of India (2000). Report of the high powered committee for formation and conversion of cooperative business into companies, department of Company Affairs, Ministry of Law, Justice, Government of India, New Delhi.
- Government of India (2005). Final Report of the National Commission on Farmers, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
- Gupta, A. (2007). A Critical Appraisal of the Provisions of Producer Company. PRADHAN’S Workshop on Producer Companies.
- Kanitkar, A. (2016). The logic of farmer enterprises. Occasional publication 17, Institute of Rural Management Anand, Anand.
- MAHA-FPC (2018). Annual report of the Company for 2018-19, 2017-18, 2016-17, 2015-16 and 2014-15.
- NABARD (2018). Farmer Producers Organizations: Status, issues, and suggested policy reforms. National paper, Potential Linked Plans (PLP) 2019-20. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, Mumbai.
- NABARD (2019). List of Farmer Producers Company. https://nabfpo.in/ images/staticFPO.html
- Neti, A., Govil, R. and Rao, M. R. (2019). Farmer Producers Companies in India: Demystifying the numbers. Review of Agrarian Studies, 9 (2): stated that in India 7374 FPOs have been registered by 31st March 2019.
- NRAA (2009). Perspectives and Problems of Primary Producer Companies-Case Study of Indian Organic Farmers Producer Company Ltd, Kochi, Kerala”; National Rainfed Area Authority (NRAA), New Delhi, India. Pp 18.
- PIB (2020). Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs announcement of “formation and promotion of FPOs”. Press Information Bureau, Government of India.
- PRADAN (2007). Producers Companies: Linking small producers to market. Report of the workshop organized by National Resource Centre for Rural Livelihoods, Pradan, New Delhi.
- Shah, T. (2016). Farmer producers companies: Fermenting new wine in old bottles. Economic and Political Weekly, 51 (8): 15-20.
- Singh, S. (2008). Producer Companies as New Generation Cooperatives. Economic and Political Weekly, 43 (20): 22-24.
- Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) (2020a). List of Farmer Producers Companies in India. Available Online at http://sfacindia.com/ Upload File/Statistics/State % 20 wise % 20 summary % 20 of % 20 registered % 20 and % 20 the % 20 process % 20 of % 20 registration % 20 FPOs % 20 promoted % 20 by % 20 SFAC. pdf ? var = 897564.213654 accessed on 15 March 2020. Non-SFAC promoted List at http://sfacindia.com/PDFs/List-of-FPO % 20 identified-byNONSFAC/Statewise % 20 list % 20 of % 20 FPOs.pdf ?Var = 897564.213654 accessed on 15 March 2020.
- Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (2020b). List of Self Promoted Farmer Producer Organizations. Available online at http://sfacindia. com/PDFs/List-of-FPO%20identified-by-NONSFAC/ Self_Promoted_FPOs.pdf? var=9958255.25855 accessed on 15 March 2020.
- Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (2020c). State Level Farmer Producers Company. http://sfacindia.com/Upload File/Statistics/ List % 20 of % 20 registered % 20 State % 20 Level % 20 Producer % 20 Compan ies % 20 % 28 SLPCs % 29. pdf accessed on 15 March 2020.
- Suri, K. (2006). Political economy of agrarian distress. Economic and Political Weekly, 41 (16): 1523–1529.
- Trebbin, A. and Hassler, M. (2012). Farmers’ producer companies in India : A new concept for collective action? Environment and Planning A, 44: 411 – 427.
- Tripathy, K. K., Deshpande, D. V., Wadkar, S. K. and Lokhande, J. (2020). Catalyzing Development through Collectives: Status and Issues of Cooperatives, Self-Help Groups and Farmer Producers Organizations in India. WPS (VAMNICOM)-03/2020, Vaikunth Mehta National Institute of Cooperative Management Working Paper Series: Pune.
- World Bank (2007). World development report 2008 : Agriculture for development. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Backward and Forward Linkages, Entrepreneurship, Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs), Collective Action, MAHA-FPC.